2022-05-01

How much do you know about the origin of May Day?

By yqqlm yqqlm

International Labor Day又称“五一International Labor Day”或“International demonstration day”, is a national festival in more than 80 countries in the world. It’s scheduled for May 1st every year. It is a festival shared by working people all over the world.

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At the end of the 19th century, in order to extract more benefits, capitalists in many European and American countries continued to increase the labor time and labor intensity of workers and cruelly exploited workers. At that time, many workers worked 14 to 16 hours a day, some even as long as 18 hours, but their wages were very low. Workers could not stand long-term oppression and gradually joined the strike movement,

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1866First internationalGeneva conference proposeeight-hour dayOur slogan.

1877,美国历史上第一次全国罢工开始了。在工人运动的强大压力下,美国国会虽然被迫制定了eight-hour day的法律。但是,某些资本家根本不予理睬,这项法律只不过是一纸空文,工人们仍然是生活在水深火热之中,倍受资本家的折磨。忍无可忍的工人们决定将这场争取生存权利的斗争,推向一个新的高潮,准备举行更大规模的罢工运动。

May 1, 1886,美国和加拿大的几十万工人参加了大规模罢工和示威游行,要求改善工作条件和实行eight-hour day。却遭到残酷镇压,为了纪念这次伟大的工人运动。

Three years later, Engels organizedSecond international was established大会上,每年的五月一日被定为International Labor Day。

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The earliest”May Day” Labor Day commemoration movement in China was initially awakened in 1907Harbin RailwayThe workers held a six hour rally on May 14 (May 1 of the Russian calendar) to call on Chinese workers to fight.

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On May 1, 1920, in the revolutionary Journal《New Youth》On the special issue,”Labor Day commemoration”, Li Dazhao published the history of the May Day movement, calling on Chinese workers to take the May Day of this year as the date of awakening,The translation contains the labor code of the Russian Soviet Federal Republic, which expounds the socialist principle that everyone has the right to work, and the revolutionary intellectuals and the working people have gradually moved towards the same revolutionary road.Cai Yuanpei, Sun Yat Sen and Chen Duxiu also wrote inscriptions or published articles respectively;

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On this day, workers in Beijing, Shanghai, Guangzhou and other cities took to the streets and held a huge rally, which was also the first labor day in Chinese history;

Then in 1921, the Communist Party of China was born under the popularization of Marxism and the continuous growth and development of the workers’ movement. The workers’ movement for more than 100 years left us valuable wealth. While enjoying the May Day holiday, looking back, we should still be able to hear &34; Labor sacred & 34;

After the founding of the people’s Republic of China, May 1 of each year was designated as the legal labor day in December 1949. Since then, on this day of every year, the whole country has celebrated and commended the workers who have made outstanding contributions!

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