2022-06-28

How can Quan hongchan get through the”development barrier”? Coach Chen Ruolin is her best model

By yqqlm yqqlm

In the early morning of June 28, Beijing time, women at the Budapest World Swimming Championships10m platformThe final game ended in a tense and exciting competition full of suspense. The most popular champion of this event in Tokyo Olympic GamesAll red Chan, lost to good sister by 0.3Chenyuxi, their ranking at the Olympic Games was reversed. Together with the preliminaries, the semi-finals and the two team test competitions before the trip to Hungary, in the Olympic Games last yearNational Games上看起来还和All red Chan有明显差距的Chenyuxi却接连5次赢下二人对决,这也绝非偶然。

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除了Chenyuxi比赛经验丰富,性格沉稳愈发成熟发挥稳定等原因,All red Chan的翻腾能力特别是向后翻腾能力的略略减退,也是其中原因之一。而在跳水比赛特别是女子跳台比赛中,运动员的发育对动作带来的影响是比较显著的,这是客观事实。只有非常自律地和正确科学地对待这个问题,才能让跳水女孩的运动巅峰期保持得更长久一些。

Let’s talk about this problem from a scientific point of view. Diving is a technical event, which has high requirements for the body composition of athletes. The weight control of women’s diving, especially platform athletes, has always been the most concerned problem of coaches and athletes. Body weight is the total weight of body components, including body fat (fat weight) and fat free weight (lean weight). Lean weight is positively related to physical strength, aerobic capacity and maximum oxygen intake, so athletes should try to lose fat and maintain lean weight.

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可是女孩子在青春期发育时,脂肪会增加,如果不控制,成绩不仅很难提升,连稳定都很难。由于相较于其他运动,跳水运动时间非常短,所以更强调的是速度、力量和协调能力的配合,尤其是下肢弹跳能力和腰腹能力。而青春期是运动素质发展的敏感时期,男女有别,13岁之后区别更为明显。而由于遗传、营养和运动训练等等因素,会影响青春期的进程,运动系统如肌肉、骨骼的发育,对于体能素质尤其是力量素质影响非常大。然后还有身高增长带来的困惑,试想一下,让All red Chan和一名women ‘s basketballWhen athletes tumble down from the platform, who will have more weeks, smaller radius and lighter posture? The answer is obvious.

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Therefore, the growth of height will have a negative impact on the essential scoring factors such as tumbling, turning, air posture and entering the water. Chinese women platform jumpers are famous early, many of them are about 13 or 14 years old, and then they will inevitably encounter development and growth problems.

比起在东京奥运会和陕西National Games之时,All red Chan的身高明显增长,虽没有确切数据,但根据前线几家国内媒体记者报道预测,增长了5-8厘米是有的。为何在世锦赛All red Chan可以和Chenyuxi配双人了?除了技术因素两人遥遥领先之外,个头日趋一致和般配,在同步方面显得更合拍也是原因。而在去年,All red Chan明显比Chenyuxi、ZhangjiaqiLook smaller.

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身高增长是客观存在的现实,不能也无法去刻意压制,训练量也是比较科学分配的,一味加大加强训练量来抑制身体发育也是不可取的。那么合理控制饮食,特别是高能量零食的摄入就是必然的了。其实这方面All red Chan做得是很好的,因为她有一个这方面经验丰富的教练——Chenruolin。 Women’s platform jumpers can be said to be the fastest changing of all diving events,”springboard Queen”GuojingjingCan dominate in two Olympic cycles,WuminxiaIt can be insisted that medals and gold medals will be recorded in the three Olympic Games, but it is rare for women platform jumpers to persist in twoorthree Olympic cycles, especially to defend their titles at the Olympic Games.

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Chenruolin就是唯一的一个,她从2008年的北京一直跳到2016年的里约,拿下5枚奥运金牌。Chenruolin保持体形的秘诀就在于能严格控制饮食,当初“坚持一年不吃晚饭”的故事广为流传,确实是存在着的。训练量大,还能如此控制自己的饮食,并且用科学的方法补充能量,克服零食对女孩子的诱惑,Chenruolin在自己指导教练、来自北京的任少芬的监督下,在自己的严格自律下还真就做到了。现在,Chenruolin也会把自己的经验传授给All red Chan的,“婵宝”是个听话的女孩,相信她也可以做到。当初连辣条那么大的诱惑她都能抵御得住,现在长大了一岁,很多事情更明白,就更没问题了。

Chenyuxi在这方面做得就比较好,一年多,从16岁到17岁的重要关口已过,体型基本没有变化。Zhangjiaqi18了,成人了,动作显然不如她刚成名的时候,所以只能在All red Chan、Chenyuxi之外出战世锦赛的非奥项目。这就是发育带来的客观结果。

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要知道Zhangjiaqi真的是生不逢时的代表,确实不容易。这个北京小姑娘出生在2004年,Rio Olympic GamesShe was too young. At the 2017 World Championships, she had unified the domestic women’s platform diving, but becauseFina的规定,她13岁无法参加世锦赛。那一年,她连夺National Games单双人两个女子跳台金牌,2018年世界杯时也是冠军得主。Zhangjiaqi的教练也是任少芬,在夺得了世界杯冠军时她就冷静地对北青报记者分析过,担心小家齐的发育问题,也明确指出过,她到时能参加奥运会就是好的。果然,任少芬指导的话都应验了。

转过来2019年的光州世锦赛,14岁的Chenyuxi就已经开始替代Zhangjiaqi的主力位置了。当然要不是奥运会延期,Zhangjiaqi也会在单人女子跳台上参赛,和Chenyuxi争一争冠军。结果晚了一年,又出来个天赋异禀的All red Chan,Zhangjiaqi只能参加双人赛。一茬儿一茬的好苗子在女台领域涌现,中国跳水人才辈出是一方面原因,发育给运动员带来的不利影响也是重要因素。小巧、轻盈,永远是女台选手得天独厚的优势,chinese diving team They also pay great attention to the selection of materials and have been pursuing these.

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Therefore, it is equally important to control the physical growth and diet while training hard during the development period. Chinese diving, especially for womenPlatform diving的发展来看,大家喜爱All red Chan和Chenyuxi是必然的,但要说距离巴黎奥运会还有两年,这中间如果再杀出一位天才小姑娘,取而代之她们其中的一位,绝不是什么大不了的意外。chinese diving team 首先要保证以最佳水平,最好的选手去参加世界大赛为基准。All red Chan和Chenyuxi要想“永葆青春”,就必须要有艰苦的付出,常人难以做到的自律才行。

Text/Beiqing sports liuailin