2022-07-31

What happens to people who feel lonely for a long time? If you have it around, please give it some love

By yqqlm yqqlm

Nowadays, many people have had enough

Fragile and hypocritical social relations

Begin to actively seek”loneliness”

Throw away your cell phone late at night

Walk on the street alone

Or just in a daze in the room

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More and more alone

More and more enjoy the freedom and escape from the merger

Exquisite”personal time”

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actually

It’s just a compromise

No one wants to be lonely

It’s just that they’re powerless about the bad social situation

Just let yourself be alone and gradually closed

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Let’s start with loneliness

What is loneliness?

Loneliness refers to

The social relationship you expect

There is a gap with the actual social relations

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therefore

Loneliness has nothing to do with whether you are alone

People who socialize frequently may also feel lonely

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conversely

People who live alone may not be alone

Because they can learn from different things

Get the expected satisfaction

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Why do people need social relations?

Ancient times

People have to hunt collectively

To capture large animals

To satisfy hunger

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To modern times

People work hard together

To build a space vehicle

explore universe

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therefore人类需要依靠彼此

To survive and develop

This is the attribute of social animals

而孤独感之therefore存在

Because it is conducive to the strengthening of social attributes

Like thirst, hunger or pain

It is an early warning mechanism

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Massachusetts Institute of TechnologyOf researchers believe that

A group of neurons in the dorsal raphe nucleus

It is what drives us to find our companions

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Early 2016

Cells》A study published in the journal shows that

Stimulate this group of neurons

Will drive the solitary mouse to find companions

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If we ignore this warning of the body

What specific harm will it cause?

How does loneliness affect people?

1. Change our view of the world

first

Loneliness can change our brain

In a 2009 study

Researchers tested the brains of lonely people

See if they are more sensitive to threats

Findings

Compared with people who are not lonely

Lonely people react less to happy images

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To portray violence

And unpleasant social occasions

Then the reaction is stronger

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Loneliness stimulates the brain

Enter a state of high alert

Unable to relax for a long time

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2. Can’t eat, can’t sleep well, and is prone to inflammation

This is related toStress hormoneCortisol is closely related

They are scattered in our blood

Affecting our hearts and brains

Appetite and sleep

In the lonelycortisolHigher level

It makes it harder for them to sleep

Wake up more and sleep less at night

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besides

Research also shows that

高cortisol会让其受体不敏感

So as to make the inflammation more serious

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3. Increase disease risk

When we think we are threatened

The human body suppresses its own viral response mechanism

To spend energy on

Prevent bacterial infection caused by wound

If loneliness persists

At the same time, the human body has been constrained by the antiviral effect

We cannot protect ourselves from disease

Such as cardiovascular disease, metabolic syndrome

Risk of dysfunction, dementia, etc

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Facing loneliness, what can we do

In order to solve this phenomenon

Both Britain and Australia responded

January 2018

The first”lonely minister” in British history took office

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Lonely minister Tracy crouch (right)

Allow doctors to give permission to lonely”patients”

In the form of government expense subsidy

Guide them to participate in community activities

Australia has promoted a program called

The plan of”ending loneliness together”

Designed to raise public awareness

Reduce the harm of loneliness

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Being lonely for a long time is easy to enter a vicious circle

If you think there is hostility around you

Inadvertently become unfriendly

Then others may also leave you

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But we still needTake this step for yourself

Connect with others

Because this is the only way to relieve loneliness

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in fact

In relevant tests

Lonely people don’t have weaker social skills than others

And lonelyempathyStronger

Because of their pain to others

表现出了Stronger的同情心

therefore

When you feel lonely

Try to get in touch with others!

reference material:

1Matthews, Gillian A et al. “Dorsal Raphe Dopamine Neurons Represent the Experience of Social Isolation.”Cell vol. 164,4 (2016): 617-31. doi:10.1016/j.cell.2015.12.040

2Eisenberger NI. The neural bases of social pain: evidence for shared representations with physical pain. Psychosom Med. 2012 Feb-Mar; 74(2):126-35. doi: 10.1097/PSY.0b013e3182464dd1. Epub 2012 Jan 27. PMID: 22286852; PMCID: PMC3273616.

3Hawkley, Louise C. and John T. Cacioppo. “Loneliness Matters: A Theoretical and Empirical Review of Consequences and Mechanisms.” Annals of Behavioral Medicine 40 (2010): 218-227.

4Cacioppo JT, Norris CJ, Decety J, Monteleone G, Nusbaum H. In the eye of the beholder: individual differences in perceived social isolation predict regional brain activation to social stimuli. J Cogn Neurosci. 2009 Jan; 21(1):83-92. doi: 10.1162/jocn.2009.21007. PMID: 18476760; PMCID: PMC2810252.